Magnet pictures English King Richard III (1452-1485). Killed in the battle of Bosworth during the War of Roses, Richard was the last king from the House of York and the last of the Plantagenet dynasty. He came to the throne at the death of his brother, Edward IV, when Edward's 12 year old son's succession to the throne was ruled invalid. The War of the Roses rebellion was led by English King Henry VIII's father, Henry Tudor VII. Some contemporary historians dispute the Shakespearean portrayal of Richard a villainous hunchback. About the only thing that can be said with certainty is that he lived, was briefly king of England, and died.